Mary Tillman Smith was born in 1904 in southern Mississippi, the third of thirteen children born to an African-American sharecropping family. She worked on the land and as a cook for most of her life; since she was extremely hard of hearing, her ability to communicate with people around her was limited. As a child, she preferred to stay apart from her siblings and draw in the dust on her own.
She brought her only son up alone following her second divorce. She retired in around 1978, after a lifetime of poverty and suffering that could so easily have crushed any aspiration to creativity, and immediately set about dividing her yard into a series of spaces decorated with patterns. This enabled her to rise above her modest circumstances to create a unique vision of the world where art became the supreme interpreter of forces that were greater than her, lending her new dignity. She painted what she saw around her on planks of wood or sheets of corrugated iron – portraits of friends and neighbours, allegorical figures, and farm animals, mainly using just one or two colours. She occasionally added signs or slogans reflecting her deep, abiding love for her God. On the roof of her house she placed boards with messages for drivers passing in their cars.
Mary T. Smith died in 1995 aged 91, leaving a several hundred paintings of unique, elemental power. Her work was featured in the exhibition Outside the Mainstream: Folk Art in Our Time at the High Museum of Art in Atlanta in 1988 and at the gallery christian berst in the exhibition mary t. smith : mississippi shouting. She recently has been acquired by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC.
flying high, künstlerinnen der art brut, curators : ingried brugger, hannah rieger, veronika rudorfer, kunstforum, vienna, from february 15th to june 23rd, 2019.
leben in art brut, bildraum bodensee, collection hannah rieger, from july 14th to august 16th, 2018.
the museum of everything, from June 10th, 2017, to April 2nd, 2018, mona (museum of old and new art), berriedale, australia.
living in art brut, 123 works from the hannah rieger collection, museumkrems, krems an der donau, austria, from september 8th to october 26th, 2017.
Revelations: Art from the African American South, de Young, Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, San Francisco, June 3 2017.
Color Line, les artistes africains-américains et la ségréation, Musée du Quai Branly, from October 4th to January 15th, Paris, France.
Art brut live, DOX Centre for contemporary art, Prague, March 27th - August 17th 2015.
art brut, collection abcd/Bruno Decharme, à la Maison Rouge, Paris, October 17th 2014 - January 18th 2015.
mary t. smith, mississipi shouting à la galerie christian berst du 22 janvier au 03 mars 2013.
american outsiders, the black south à la galerie christian berst du 19 juin au 18 juillet 2009.
Treasures To Go, traveling exhibition, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C, January 2000 to May 2003.
Outside the Mainstream: Folk Art in Our Time, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, May 19th - August 12th 1988.
exhibition catalogue, flying high, künstlerinnen der art brut, ingried brugger, hannah rieger, veronika rudorfer, kunstforum, vienna, kehrer verlag, heidelberg, 2019.
exhibition catalogue, leben in art brut, hannah rieger collection, bildraum bodensee, seestraße, 2018.
visions solidaires pour demain, "le numérique est-il compatible avec le solidaire", n°2, 2017/2018, cognacq-jay fondation, december 2017, p.88.
exhibition catalogue, living in art brut, 123 works from the hannah rieger collection, museumkrems, bad vöslau, austria, 2017.
exhibition catalogue, The color line Les artistes africains-américains et la ségrégation, Paris, coéd. musée du Quai Branly-Jacques Chirac, Flammarion, 2016.
Sous la direction de Bruno Decharme et Barbara Safarova. Art brut collection abcd/Bruno Decharme, Paris, Flammarion, 2014
Catalogue d'exposition, "art brut collection abcd/Bruno Decharme", Paris, La Maison rouge, 17 octobre 2014 - 18 janvier 2015
Christian Berst, "Mary T. Smith", in Kunst, die verbindet, Vienne, Hannah Rieger (Hg.), 2014.
Catalogue d'exposition, "Mary T. Smith", Paris, galerie christian berst art brut, textes de Daniel Soutif, Philip M. Jones et Christian Berst, 19 janvier - 9 mars 2013
Voodoo child, Mary T. Smith et J. B. Murray, abcd le journal n° 5, abcd, 2013.
Catalogue d'expostion, "American Outsiders I", Paris, galerie christian berst art brut, préface de Phillip March Jones, 19 juin - 18 juillet 2009
Outsider Art Sourcebook, Raw Vision Ltd, 2009.
Paul Arnett et William S. Arnett, Souls Grown Deep. African American Art of the South. Vol. II. Atlanta : Tinwood Books, 2001.
L. E. Spriggs, J. Cubbs et L. Roscoe Hartigan Let it Shine, Self-Taught Art from the T. Marshall Haln Collection, University Press of Mississipi for the High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2001.
Colin Rhodes, L’art outsider, Art brut et création hors normes au XXe siècle, Editions Thames & Hudson, 2001.
William Arnett, Her name is someone in Raw Vision #31, summer 2000.
Paul Arnett et William S. Arnett, Souls Grown Deep. African American Vernacular Art of the South. Vol. I. Atlanta : Tinwood, 2000.
Patti Black, Art in Mississipi, 1720-1980. Jackson : University Press of Mississipi in association with the Mississipi Historical Society and the Mississipi Department of Archives and History, 1998.
Kogan Lee, « Mary (Mary T.) Tillman Smith 1904-1995 », in Folk Art 20, n°4 (Winter 1995-96).
Frank Maresca et Roger Ricco, American Self-Taught : Paintings and Drawings by Outsiders Artists. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.
Alice Yelen, Passionate Visions of the American South : Self-Taught Artists from 1940 to the Present. Jackson : Nex Orleans Museum of Art with the University Press of Mississipi, 1993.
C. Rosenak and J. Rosenak. Museum of American Folk Art Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century American Folk Art and Artists. New York, Abbeville Press, 1990.
- American Folk Art Museum, New-York (United States)
- High Museum of Art, Atlanta (United States)
- abcd collection, montreuil (France)
- Treger Saint Silvestre collection, Porto (Portugal)
- Smithsonian Museum Of American Art, Washington (United States)
- Ogden Museum of Southern Art, New Orleans (United States)
- Hannah Rieger collection, Vienne (Austria)
- The Metropolitan Museum of Art , New York (United States)
- Fine arts museums, San Francisco (United States)
selective press review
- Ruée vers l'art brut authors Noémie Barré, photos Nathalie Baetens in Coté Paris n°29, october-november 2013.
- L'étoile du sud authors Séverine Kodjo-Grandvaux in Jeune Afrique, February 24 2013.
- Mary T. Smith Mississipi shouting authors Bénédicte Phillipe in Télérama Sortir, February 20 2013.
- Le quotidien sans artifices de Mary T. Smith authors Sonia Desprez in A nous Paris, February 18, 2013.
- Un cri passage du Mississipi authors in animula vagula, February 16 2013.
- Black art folk esthétique solaire authors Eric Tariant in Le journal des arts, February 15 2013.
- Mary Tillman Smith, Mississipi Shouting authors Philippe Godin in ParisArt.com, February 11 2013.
- Sacré art brut authors in Version Femina, February 10 2013.
- Rencontre avec Christian Berst : l’art brut, une esthétique de l’altérité ? authors Delphine Neimon in The Artchemists, February 3 2013.
- L'art brut afro américain authors Séphanie Pioda in La Gazette de Drouot, February 1, 2013.
- Mary T. Smith à la galerie Christian Berst authors Sophie Lesort in toutelaculture.com, january 31 2013.
- Mary T Smith peint le blues authors Dominique Poiret in Liberation next, january 31 2013.
- Pourquoi l'art brut suscite-t-il autant d'intérêt ? authors roxana azimi in Le Quotidien de l'Art, January 15 2013.
- Mary T. Smith Mississippi Shouting authors in L'officiel galeries & musée, January - February 2013.
- American outsiders - The Black South authors in Télérama sortir, July 15th 2009.